Learners: All ages
Language: war/peace related vocabulary, narrative tenses, might+infinitive, might have+past participle, present tense for dynamic narrative
Skills: Observing and describing, speaking, watching a short film, creative expression, making connections, developing metaphoric thinking
Materials: a short video, a short film, quotes slides, visual prompts
Step 1 Show your students Picasso’s Guernica. Give the name of the artist and the title of the painting. Ask them to look at the painting for 30 seconds and make a list of 10 words or phrases about any aspect of what they see. Allow 5 minutes for the students to write down their list and then have them share their words or phrases with the rest of the class. Then repeat the activity. You can use a circle map to make the brainstorming visible. You can have a look at some pictures of practice here.
Tell your students to look more carefully at the painting and ask them what they See-Think-Wonder about it (What do you see? What are your thoughts? What does it make you wonder?). This can be done individually, in pairs or in groups depending on the multitude of ideas you want to generate. Allow 10 minutes and get feedback. Keep a visible record of students’ observations, interpretations and wonderings.
You can have a look at some pictures of practice here.
Step 3 Ask your students to classify what they can see in the painting in 3 groups: humans, animals objects. Then, ask them: What colours do you see? What shapes do you see?
Step 4 Tell your students that they are going to watch a 3D video of the painting that will take them inside the work of art. Ask them to make a note of any additional things that they find interesting or important. Show the video. Then, allow 5 minutes for the students to complete their notes and get feedback.
Step 6 Introduce briefly the historical facts behind the painting: in 1937, during the Spanish Civil War, Nazi Germany supported its fascist ally Francisco Franco and bombed Guernica, the ancient capital of the Basque region in northern Spain. The town was utterly devastated by the aerial bombings and served for the Nazis as a blueprint for terror bombings of civilian populations. Picasso created Guernica to show the true horrors of war for innocent civilians.
Step 7 Show the quotes and let your students guess whether they refer to war or peace.
Step 8 Show them the visual prompts and ask them to identify whether they symbolize war or peace. Ask them: What makes you say that? to encourage justifications for their responses.
Step 9 Show students the picture below.
Organize them in groups and ask them to choose one of the 3 questions: 1. If this picture is the beginning of a story, what might happen next? 2. If this picture is the middle of a story, what might have happened before? What might happen next? 3. If this picture is the end of a story, what might the story be?
Tell your students that this picture is from a short film called “Chromophobia”. Explain that Chromophobia means “fear of colour”. Tell students that after watching they will have to write a short narrative of what happens in the film. Show the film.
Ask them to explore creatively their ideas and choices and share them with the rest of the class. You can have a look at some pictures of practice here. A few things about Raul Servais’ Chromophobia: